The Catalonia Problem


Many people are wondering what will happen to Catalonia, a city part of Spain as things currently stand, Yet, recent events have made its future uncertain as part of Spain.

Where it all began
This idea or debate of the issue started on 6 September 2017 with debate in the Catalonia Parliament and with a law which states that independence would be binding with a simple majority was approved, without requiring a minimum turnout. After being suspended, the law was finally declared void on 17 October and is also illegal according to the Catalan Statutes of Autonomy which require a two third majority in the Catalan parliament for any change to Catalonia's status.

There was a referendum on the 1st of October 2017 and although it was deemed unofficial and 'unconstitutional' by the government over 2 million people voted. 92.01 % of the public voted for independence, which is an overwhelming majority. But, the fact it was technically not a legal vote meant it has no meaning. This was the start of the problem.

Since the vote was illegal, police force was used and the violence used to stop people voting arguably was a huge turning point, as it made the Catalonia people feel even stronger than before, feeling a sense of injustice and lack of freedom.

Issues with the referendum
Apart from it being illegal, the turnout was also low- just above 40 % thus the mandate of the independence claim as well as its legitimacy can be questioned.

Development recently
Until today, progress regarding the issue had been very slow due to the issues with the referendum and arguments to say this is not an issue to be discussed as the constitutional requirements weren't met. Today, the leader has decided Catalonia's parliament will be debating the crisis over the regional government's push for independence from Spain. The regional leader has decided to allow the regional MPs' to discuss the way forward.

Still, Catalonia's future remains up in the air.